Cladosporium is a mold that is common in the environment. Outdoors, it can be found on plants and other organic matter. Indoors, Cladosporium is common in the air and on surfaces such as wallpaper or carpet, particularly where moisture is present. Cladosporium is a very rare cause of human illness, but it has been known to cause several different types of infections, including skin, eye, sinus, and brain infections. Cladosporium has also been associated with allergies and asthma.
Cladosporium has been identified in clinical specimens as one of the pathogens in the multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other fungal infections associated with contaminated steroid injections.
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Exserohilum is a common mold found in soil and on plants, especially grasses, and it thrives in warm and humid climates. Exserohilum is a very rare cause of infection in people, but it has been known to cause several different types of infections, including infection in the skin or the cornea (the clear, front part of the eye), which are typically due to skin or eye trauma. Exserohilum can also cause more invasive forms of infection in the sinuses, lungs, lining of the heart, and bone, which are thought to be more likely to occur in people with weak immune systems. Like other fungal infections, Exserohilum infections cannot be transmitted from person to person.
Exserohilum rostratum has been identified as one of the predominant pathogens in the multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other fungal infections associated with contaminated steroid injections.
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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